Australia is an extremely important wine producing country, both in terms of quality and the scale of its wine economy. Wine Australia's 2018 annual report describes it as the sixth largest wine producer in the world. In that year output was 1.29 million liters (341 million US gallons), split 52:48 between red and white.

In 2015 there were just over 135,000 hectares (c. 334,000 acres) of vineyards in Australia. 30 percent of this was planted to Shiraz, 18 percent to Cabernet Sauvignon and 16 percent to Chardonnay. Merlot covered 6 percent and Sauvignon Blanc 5 percent.

Australia, an iconic 'New World' wine nation
©Jonathan Reeve

Australia has developed a comprehensive appellation system. As of 2018 there were 65 designated wine regions. Readers can find more about the wine and labeling laws on our page.